AVAS always gives the highest emphasize to ensure quality education for the children. Yet many children from the back warded and urban slum areas are deprived from the light of education. Still, many school-aged children from the poorest families especially dwelling in the urban slum areas in Barishal City Corporation either do not enroll or discontinue school due to poverty. AVAS with the support of Directorate of Primary Education with the technical support of Save the Children has been implementing the ROSC phase-II Project under Urban Slum Education Program for the out of school, belonging to poor families and deprived children living in the slums of Barishal City Corporations through the second Chance Education. Based on the success of the pilot projects, the government of Bangladesh has initiated Urban Slum Children Education (USCE) scale up program with the financial support of the World Bank. AVAS as Implementing Agency (IA) is working in Barishal City Corporation with 2908 children. The project is allowing disadvantaged children an opportunity to complete grade 5 and transition to secondary education.
- About three thousand dropped out or never enrolled children living in the slums of Barishal City Corporation are continuing their primary education in the Ananda School under ROSC-II project
- Learners who admitted into Grade-II in 2017 have been promoted in grade IV in 2019 through Accelerated model of education
- Community and stakeholders involvement with compound management activities increased and community monitoring is visualized
- Local community people like community leader, religious leader, Govt. Primary Schools authority, ATEO, TEO, DPEO, Political leaders, Counselors, and in the term of Compound Management Community (CMC) have been sensitized about ROSC activities & their responsibilities in Ananada School operation and now contributing much in management, monitoring & quality ensuring
- Thana & district education officers are proactive in providing their support and monitoring regularly
- Teachers of the Anonoda School have been provided with three days long refresher training as a result their capacity and skill increased and now providing quality education
- Through guardians meeting ( 336 in number)& CMC meetings ( 336 in number) parents, caregivers, local people in the catchment area have been oriented about child caring, child development, child rights and child protection. Most of the guardians are now dealing positively with their children & sending their children to Ananda School
- Through Child Club activities, observing different days and other extracurricular activities with learners, their emotional, social, communicative and physical development are visual
- All the learners ( 2908) who have attended in grade final exam, have promoted to next grade.
In September 2015, the General Assembly adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development that includes 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Building on the principle of “leaving no one behind”, the new Agenda emphasizes a holistic approach to achieving sustainable development for all.
AVAS, in cooperation with UST, is implementing the activities to achieve the targeted goals successfully in Barishal region.
Develop the utilization policy of hygiene, water & sanitation and health policy (menstrual period health management) in co-operation with the non-privileged people, organizations, Govt. and local entrepreneurs through nationwide partnership.
Objectives of the Project:
AS per the commitment to achieve Sustainable Development Goals, contribute highly to achieve especially the goal 6 and 2. At the same time, to achieve other targeted goals like good health and well-being, women empowerment, gender equality, ensure sustainable cities and communities, mitigate the adverse effect of climate change, go ahead with the following four strategies:
- Leaving no one behind
- Development of cooperation and indexes
- Raise voices through strategic involvement
- Ensure flexibility, proper importance and increase the initiatives.
Activities of the Project:
- Conduct district level workshops to eradicate inequality in sanitation.
- Conduct advocacy meetings with the Upazila level Govt. officials and employees, members of the SMC and elected local representatives.
- Provide training to the adolescent girls on Menstrual Health Management (MHM).
- While observing the sanitation month, conduct campaign on "Leaving No-one Behind" among the members of TWG, RWSSH, TWG-SP&FSN, WATSAN, RUSH Group, CSO and NGO.
- Conduct workshops on leadership development in the issue of "Leaving No-one Behind".
- Organize open discussion to create the accountability of local Govt. for implementing the activities successfully.
- Introduce Monthly Menstrual Health Management (MHM) Corner.
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Child Friendly City initiative (CFCI) has been initiated in Barisal in 2010 with the support from UNICEF Barisal Office. This flagged the way for children’s rights to become an important component of their planning and fiscal budgeting. Communication for Development (C4D) supports in schools and communities for the advancement of underprivileged children especially children from slum areas. Under CFCI, BCC has undertaken an initiative for providing pre-primary Education to 5+ year’s children in the slum areas with technical support from DPE. This is not a supplementary initiative rather this is a complement government’s pre-primary Education initiative by reaching children who are still left out/not enrolled in any Schools in urban slum areas. Children will be mainstreamed to nearest primary schools after successful completion of the PPE. AVAS has been implementing the project since January 2018 in 10 wards of BCC covering 300 children with an objective of ensuring pre-primary education to the children of 5+ years who are not enrolled in any schools and mainstreamed them to primary education system.
- Staffs for the project have been recruited and on board in due time
- 300 learners have been searched out and admitted
- 15 days long teachers Foundation Training has been completed
- Books and other Educational Materials have been distributed among the learners
- Assist for admission 300 learners to Govt Primary School
- Through CMC meeting, Parents meeting and meeting with School Management Committee operation of the school and learners attendance have been positive.
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Association of Voluntary Actions for Society-AVAS has been implementing “Promoting Rights for Chair Dwellers (PRCD)” project funded by Action Aid Bangladesh in Galachipa Upazilla under Patuakhali district to serve the disadvantaged and underprivileged people since 2017. PRCD is being implemented at present in Char Kazol & Char Biswas unions have conveyed tremendous impact among the community and Government level as well. Through the project AVAS has taken various steps for the development of the livelihood of the poor people, especially the grassroots peasants, with the support of the Deputy Agriculture Officer, 25 members of the 4th farmer's group are engaged in the preparation and use of biosocial and training on integrated pest control. They trained themselves using organic manure in agricultural work themselves.
Promoting sustainable development and enhancing disaster resilience for the poor and marginalized Char communities through realization of rights.
Objectives of the Project:
- To Creating access for poor and marginalized people to productive resources for ensuring food security.
- To Exploring alternative livelihood options for reducing unemployment.
- To Increasing the effective participation of women in household and community level decision making processes.
- To Reducing violence and discrimination against women and girls at the household and community level.
- To Increasing knowledge of community members on basic health, hygiene and nutrition practices.
- To increasing community members access to basic health services.
- To Reducing the impact of disaster on people’s lives and assets through preparedness.
- To Strengthening peoples mobility towards accessing their well-beings and entitlements.
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Micro Finance Program: Micro Finance Program is a major livelihood development intervention of AVAS. The organization started this program from July 01, 1998 with its own fund through 1 branch in Barishal Sadar Upazila. The organization started expanding its Micro Finance Program having financial support from Bank. In the reporting year, the organization implemented the program through one branch focusing the remotest coastal belt of Barishal, and slum areas of Barishal city Corporation with a view to alleviate poverty and ensuring socio economic development of disadvantaged people, especially women.
Goal of the program:
The goal of the program is “alleviation of poverty and improve socio economic development of disadvantages people, especially women”.
Micro Finance Program at a glance:
Number of Branches - 01
Number of Districts Covered - 01
Number of Upazilas Covered - 01
Number of Union Covered - 02
Number of villages covered - 28
Number of staff involved in operation - 05
Total number of groups/samities - 46
Total number of members - 1056
Total number of borrowers/Loanees - 896
Cumulative Disbursement - 14,76,51,000
Loan outstanding (Portfolio) - 1,45,25,699
Savings balance - 5042415
Current Recovery Rate - 98%
Cumulative Recovery Rate - 99%
During the reporting period, a total amount of BDT 2,20,96,000 was disbursed to the group members of Rural micro credit, urban micro credit Micro Enterprise micro credit for agriculture support micro credit, financial support for land mortgage etc. AVAS operates the micro finance with financial support from Bank, Person and Organization own fund.
Members and Borrowers
The members of the groups are at the core of all kinds of field level operations of AVAS. As of December 31, 2018, total members were 1056 of whom total borrowers were 896. Of the total members women 95% and men 5%.
AVAS has initiated the compulsory savings for creating savings mentality of the poor group members. With a steady growth, savings of members stood at BDT 50,42,415- as on December 31, 2018.
Loan Disbursement and Outstanding
Loan disbursement to the borrowers stood at BDT 2,20,96,000 by end of December 2018.
- Micro credit raised income and increased assets among target beneficiaries.
- It reduced vulnerability and ensured sustainable food security.
- Socially empowered its group members and contributed to the broader social and economic development.
- The groups are dynamic and are participating in the decision making process.
- Group members are practicing nontraditional economic activities.
- Group members are self-employed.
Microfinance is a program that helps to uplift the extreme poor and vulnerable people in the solvency ladder. Poverty is the curse of the nation and now a days from sphere of the society alongside of the development organizations is trying to solve the in build problems. In every one’s eyes, economic development is the only way to overcome the issue. As such, AVAS is committed to support the poor and supported with some amount of money to Group members. This has created an enormous effect in the lives of the disadvantaged segment of population in the working area.
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Goal and Objective of the Project:
USAID and Counterpart International supported Promoting CSOs engagement and Action against Gender based Violence for Reducing Child Marriage & Combating Gender based Violence, will work with building a consortium with Rupantor, AVAS (Association of Voluntary Actions for Society) & Rights Jeshore. Under this project, Civil Society Network will get activated and work against Gender based Violence and combating Child Marriage in the Barishal district with the under mentioned three objectives:
Objective 1: Newly created mechanism developed for CSOs and Govt. engagement to Combat GBV through comprehensive approach of state and non-state actors
Objective 2: Identify the gap and implications of existing policies as well avenues of opportunities for enactment by govt. consistent with citizen input
Objective 3: Social mobilization initiated for reducing child marriage and combating GBV through strengthening civic participation
- Conduct Project Inception Meeting at District level
- Development of Sub-district level platform
- Develop Women Brigade at District Level
- Capacity Building Training of Women Brigade
- Sharing Meeting among developed Platform
- Advocacy Meeting at Sub-district Level
- Annual Symposium at District Level
- Capacity Building Training for the Platform Members
- Consultation Advocacy Meeting with Policy Makers at District Level
- Education Institution Based Campaign
- Observing International Day on The Elimination of Violence Against Women
- Project Close-Out Meeting at District level
Outcome of the project:
1. Developing a better coordination to GO-NGO and other relevant stakeholders for combat against GBV.
2. Developing project participant’s skill to identifying the gaps of existing laws, rules, regulations and practice level as well as conducting advocacy and awareness campaign for reducing child marriage and combating GBV.
3. Marginalized women and the survivors of GBV will empower their community through motivation, advocacy and referral mechanism. Also they can emerge as the change makers to motivate others and eradicate abuse in ethnic, marginalized, sex worker and transgender communities for ensuring the women human rights.
4. Conduct Advocacy meeting and this meeting will contribute for developing a “District Action Plan” as well as user-friendly version of different policies related to combat against GBV and child marriage along with identifying main actors and their responsibilities to act in favor of the action plan.
5. Awareness campaign session with the students playing a role at their family level and society for reducing child marriage and combating gender based violence (GBV). It is a tool for creating changed attitude and participation of men for the women empowerment focused on reducing child marriage and combating GBV.
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The project titled “Community Accessing to Systems for Resilience (CASR)" is being implemented by AVAS in partnership with Action Aid Bangladesh in Kalapara upazila under Patuakhali district. The project is basically a part of on-going LRP (Local Rights Program) activities of Action Aid Bangladesh. The project has engaged critically with poor and marginalized people (Child, men and women) in the coastal regions of the country to assist them in community resilience. At the micro level, the project works directly with poor and marginalized people, women-headed households, and distressed communities faced with the negative ramifications of factors such as environmental degradation and isolation. This will ensure a wider set of community accessing to systems for resilience, skills training, social awareness, leadership development and dissemination of knowledge on community resilience and linkages to local Govt., GO-NGO, service holders and service institutions. The creation of reflection action groups (RAGs) will ensure that poor and marginalized people have a greater voice at the grass root level. At the macro level, the project will work with women’s leadership, reflection-action circles, local level advocacy work, local GOVT. and national government, media, networks and CSOs to establish concerted policies and programmers of action against wide-spread accessing community resilience.
Goal of the Project:
Coastal communities have the ability to challenge and transform the institutions and systems for the promotion of their resilience.
Objective of the Project:
- Organize poor people in a "Reflection Action Team" platform and ensure their involvement in sustainable development process.
- Gender discrimination, women's rights, all kinds of women's tortures, and the process of legal process will increase the awareness of the public.
- Through the school-based child development program, the merit of poor children will develop and will be aware of child rights, child protection policy.
The ability of "Reflection Action Team" will be increased. They can negotiate with the policy makers to secure their rights on various issues and to secure their rights.
- The awareness about disaster management will increase; the family will be able to create their own disaster preparedness plan.
- The team members have awareness of women's rights, women leadership development, networking and organizational management through the training.They are providing people aware by discussing these issues in the group meetings and in the community.
- 200 marginal women farmers have received high yielding vegetable seeds. As a result, interest in others community for home state gardening increased.
- The children are being educated at the school in a joyful environment.
- As a result of providing sports materials through the project, children can play games at leisure time.
- Youth Clubs have been formed to inspire local youth to social work. A lot of enthusiasm was noticed among the youth involved in social work. They are working in the area development activities.
- The community has been informed about the sponsorship activities process of the project through the Community Sensitization Meeting. As a result, community - support is being got to implement the project activities.
- The medical expenses of the children’s family decreased due to the provision of emergency medical assistance to sponsored children through the project.
- Through the CJG, writings were collected on the problems of the people and the well-being of the area and these were published through the "Kalapara Unnayan Barta". As a result, community’s issues have been able to attract the attention of the authorities.
In Barishal division, there were 9771 street children (Source: commissioned to BIDS by ARISE 2005). There will be 16,455 in 2014 and 23220 in 2024. According to the estimation of National Child Labour Survey 2013, 3.45 million children are involved in economic work between ages 5-17 years and 1.28 million children work in hazardous sectors. According to Child Labour Survey 2013, 4.18 million children never attended school. Those who never attended school could have larger connection with labour market while those not currently attending school may be more vulnerable to join labour market in near future. The proportion of child labour engaged with economic work is 54.5% which is 65.2% in the case of hazardous child labour. According to Child Labour Survey Report 2013, Child labour is a complicated issue in Bangladesh in the sense that the withdrawal of the child does not provide guarantee to the immediate end of their vulnerability. Forced removal could be a shift from one set of vulnerability to another if withdrawn is unplanned.
The understanding and practice of working children’s rights is an important element in the preparation of all young people for living in a democratic society that values diversity and is committed to equality and social justice. Such understanding and practice are developed at an early age in learning the basic facts about rights and through acquiring the needed skills to translate this information into action; skills such as decision making, value clarification, and negotiations. Such learning is reinforced through the very nature of the surrounding environment itself. An appropriate climate is an essential complement to effective learning and working about and through rights, where it is not only enough to focus upon knowledge, and information gathering about rights, but where it is just as important, that children are given the opportunity to develop and practice skills and work in a friendly environment necessary for the defence and promotion of their own and other people’s rights. It follows that children’s rights are best learned in a democratic setting where participation is encouraged, where views can be expressed openly and discussed, and where there is fairness and justice.
On the other hand, our working experience and discussion with relevant key persons like DC, UNO, district level Officer of Shisu Academy, district level Women Affairs Officers, Employers, Working children and their parents of all 6 districts of Barishal division’s opined that working children are engaged in various level of govt. listed hazardous working sector. Among govt. identified 38 hazardous works 23 exist in Barisal. After assessing the data properly, we intend to work with the children engaged in hazardous working sectors which are really dangerous for both physical and mental health. The main cause of involving with hazardous working sectors is poverty. Besides familial neglect, abuse, torture supplement family income, divorce of parents, sexual abuse, lack of food, family conflict and sometimes the city life attract some children. As a result, they are grown up in a state of neglect and deprivation, no protection, education, affection, care and guidance. They live, work and struggle for survival in an environment of unhygienic, un-conducive situation.
Making them potential citizens, we have to provide, Family ties and social needs and work place needs like Non-hazardous work engagement, Safe and secure work place, Good behaviour from the employer, and Employable skills. We are to give priority in identifying and selecting girl working children as much as available in the project working areas. We are to ensure girl working children participation in different events under the project. Children with disabilities will also be considered in identifying, listing and participating.
Goal of the Project:
Child labour free Bangladesh.
Objective of the Project:
- To withdraw children from listed hazardous workplaces and ensure their basic rights.
- To create conducive working environment for the working children who are lawfully eligible to work in non-hazardous works.
- To protect vulnerable children entering into labour market.
- 3500 children (Girl-30%, boy-70% including 2% disabled to both) withdrawn from hazardous work.
- 600 children (Girl- 30%, boy-70% including 2% disabled to both) are enrolled in formal/non-formal education.
- 2500 children (Girl-30%, boy-70% including disabled to both) replaced from hazardous to non hazardous jobs.
- 1500 employers compiled the Code of Conduct ensuring conducive working environment for children.
- 3000 children got access to first aid and primary treatment facilities. ( 70% boy, 30% girl including 2% disabled to both)
- 600 children (70% girl & 30% boy) enrolled in formal school before entering into labour market.
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Cyclone is the most devastating disaster event that seized many people lives and livelihood. Recently occurred mighty cyclone SIDR and AILA grabbed thousands of people lives, damaged millions of houses and acres of crop land that led huge losses. Local and national actors are the first responders when crisis hits and know the local context better than internationals. Empowering Local and National Humanitarian Actors (ELNHA) project is being implemented to enhancing the capacity of Local and National Humanitarian Actors (LNHAs) as to response the disaster more effectively. The ultimate goal of this project is to ensure benefit to vulnerable people through effective and appropriate humanitarian response. AVAS implemented the ELNHA project on 1st October 2015 to 31st December 2018 with the sole support of IKEA Foundation in partnership with CODEC and OXFAM in Patuakhali district.
By the end of 2018, LNHA have Capacity to Design, Deliver and Lead in Humanitarian Preparedness and Response in Bangladesh.
- By the end of 2018, LNHA in Bangladesh have the Voice and Power to Influence the Humanitarian Agenda in their Country.
- By the end of 2018, Large International Humanitarian Donors and NGOs tailor their Policies, Strategies and System to Enable LNHA to Lead in Humanitarian - Preparedness and Response.
- Local humanitarian Actors are capacitated to communicate with donors and fund collecting through humanitarian proposal writing.
- Humanitarian Actors are capacitated to response to any humanitarian crisis and funds for humanitarian response & preparedness are directly coming to the local actors.
- Local Humanitarian Actors skill developed. They became more responsive. After receiving the training, they became capable of writing on humanitarian emergency Proposal to donors.
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Income generating activities is not sufficient due to scope of work is not available in the southern part of Bangladesh which is a disaster prone area. On the other hand most of the women are not aware about their rights. That’s why leading capacity are not building among women. So, they are always being made as victim of domestic and general violence like childhood marriage, polygamy, divorce, Acid violence, dower, dowry etc. Participation in the planning and decision on activities implementation is not to be taken by the women in the areas. The overall condition of these areas women’s especially under privileged are as usual. Women cannot but think about their husband permission. We believe if we can take initiative by given them proper education and legal aid support to protect all the violence against women then the present condition must be changed. On that target AVAS is working with the support of ASK for return their rights and responsibilities and also making aware about violence among these people in this working area.
The simply aspiration of this project is to eliminate all kinds of violence against destitute & helpless people whose are not capable to get their rights.
Provided legal support in collaboration with ASK for oppress & destitute people.
- In the reporting year we successfully received Dower 2,47,000 (Two lac Forty Seven Thousand) TK from 3 clients.
- In the year 10 litigation justice conducted for victim.
- 1 child rescued from illicit & provided his family member engaged judicial.
- 10 mediations solved in the reporting year successfully.
- We conducted 13 fat findings in 4 litigation run by project panel lawyer
Significant positive changes/impact of the Project Areas:
-Those Who have been provider legal help , are not only convincing to solve their problems, but also the wider population of the village are becoming aware of their own legal rights.
- Some social problems such as: Tasks, Junkies, Hilla- marriage and child marriage etc, are stopped in our working area.
- As result of this program, the community people are being aware & sensitized of marriage and divorce registration.
- Women have been able to demand their rights for example Denmohore & all kinds of safety money.
- Local jurists, lawyers, local administration, journalists, networking with various non-government organizations are being formed to prevent human right violations & post violations actions.
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The Girls Advocacy Alliance (GAA) is a global Project initiative. The GAA Program is implementing in 10 Countries over five Years (2016-2020) with strategic collaboration of Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs under the Dialogue and Dissent framework. In Bangladesh Plan International Bangladesh is the lead for The Alliance Program Team, which includes Terre Des Hommes Netherlands. The full Team includes 10 national CSOs and Networks, distributed over Seven Divisions, and has four strategic goals whose key actors are the government, the community, the corporate sector and civil society. AVAS is one of the CSOs and working in two thematic areas like Child Marriage and Sexual Harassment in all ten Upazilas of Barishal districts.
By 2030, Girls and young woman in Bangladesh are living in an enabling environment free from Gender Base violence and economic Exclusion.
- Ensuring equal rights and opportunities for girls and young women;
- Girls and young women’s rights are promoted through changing social norms and practices and will be underscored by laws and policies;
- Girls and young women will be protected by the communities, educational institutions and workplaces;
- Girls and young women speak-out against violation and injustice and hold accountable those who are in power;
- Increase strong role of civil society in ensuring policy and practice change for gender equality;
- The connectedness of gender based violence and economic exclusion.
District and Upazila Level 5 key duty bearers (DC, District Registrar, UNO, Women and Children Affairs Officer, Youth & Sports Officer, Social Welfare Officer, Thana Police –in-Charge, Education officer, Up Chairmen, Health, Imam Training Academy), Head Teachers, Child Welfare Board Member and Child Marriage Prevention Committee Member, Marriage Registrars (Kazis) Local CSOs.
Significant positive changes/impact of the Project Areas:
During the reporting year Five key duty bearers along with teachers, Imam, Kazi, Purohit, Journalists, civil society, CSOs, Local elected bodies made aware & performing based on CMRA Act-2017. UNO & AC land are operating Mobile court. Girls are aware about child marriage. In some cases, Girls are complaining to the teachers, UNO & relevant Officers against their parents for arranging Child Marriage. Five key duty bearers are proactively participating in our program regularly and act as an agent of change in their locality. The elected local representatives are working jointly with govt. & NGOs to stop child marriage, GVB and to prevent Sexual Harassment and child marriage. In the Year ( 2018) Ministry of Women and Children Affairs (MoWCA), Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA), Ministry of Law and Enforcement and Ministry of Information of Bangladesh Government have formed committees as per rules of Child Marriage Restraint Act 2017 and developed National Plan of action of child Marriage to address child marriage and monitor sexual harassment.